Caterpillar's base year of 1905 is considered the year. It was during this year two engineers pooled their capacities under the common brand name. In the same year it was created the steam engine tractor, which was used in the process of laying the cable in San Francisco. This was the first operation of Caterpillar's equipment in the construction industry. A year later, San Francisco suffered from the earthquake, and the elimination of the consequences has been entrusted Caterpillar equipment.
The first success has inspired the company's founders, and they began to work on the production of new models of tractors. In the period from 1908 to the 1913th year, the model markedly improved. They received steelwork three transmission rate, an improved spring suspension system and the clutch.
1913th year, the company became famous for supplying Caterpillar track-type tractors in Russia. Important role in this played a year ago received a gold medal in plowing. During the First World War Caterpillar crawler tractors provide the supply to the territory of Russia, England and France, and after America entered the war, and to the front.
The total number of tractors produced for America and the Allies reached 5,000 units. the new model of the tractor was produced in 1919, which is the maximum power of 75 horsepower, and equipped with a track other than the front wheels.
Beginning in 1921, made the delivery of tractors across Europe for the construction of the Rhine-Main-Danube. At the same time, in the 20 years the company continued to supply diesel to the territory of the Soviet Union, thus contributing to the development of the tractor industry.
In 1929 Soviet agriculture was supplemented in 2050 tracked vehicles. In 1930, Caterpillar's tractors were purchased by the Belgian authorities for the construction of the canal Albert King. In 1931, Caterpillar tractors were seen in the works for the construction of the Hoover Dam in the USA.
The 1930s were a period of active construction in various countries, and virtually none of them are not without Caterpillar machinery. In addition, the company has well established itself in the process of eliminating the consequences of natural disasters and catastrophes.
During the Second World War on the company spilled a lot of orders. In addition, it is time to expand the range of technology, adding to the already existing tractors, who worked on diesel and gasoline, various power plants and graders. Since then, the issue has begun construction of motor equipment.
After the war, the company continues to grow and develop. To increase sales of Caterpillar needed new markets. The first step towards this goal was taken in 1950. It was then that the UK subsidiary was founded. It is worth noting that at the opening of the representative office had some difficulties, the cause of which were too high duties on imported goods. But the company quickly found a way out of this situation. It was decided to collect machinery and equipment directly in England, with the result that the first foreign Caterpillar factory was established. In 1953 95 new machines purchased the Indian government to build its road network.
Two years later, according to the state order the United States, the company began producing equipment for the operation Deep Freeze I. It was called a series of missions, the purpose of which was to study the environment of Antarctica. For this operation we were specially manufactured tractors and generators capable of operating at very low temperatures.
1956 was the notable developments for the operation codenamed Deep Freeze II, and Deep Freeze III. For them, the company has supplied additional equipment. It should be noted that the total amount of equipment involved in these transactions amounted to 145 units. Also in 1956, part of the Caterpillar track-type tractors was transferred to Australia (Melbourne), in order to begin preparations for the Olympic Games. Since that time, never preparing for the Olympic Games did not pass without the use of machinery and Caterpillar equipment.
In 1963, the firm Caterpillar year, together with the Japanese industrial company Mitsubishi formed one of the first Japanese companies, part of the property which belonged to the American company. Two years later, this company ranked second largest in Japan, which specialized in the production of heavy machinery and equipment for heavy industry. For Caterpillar, this event was a sure step towards the conquest of the Asian market.
Recession in the global market at the end of the 1970s, have become incredibly difficult time for the company. 1982 Year became decadent in the company's history, as sales fell by more than 35%, and losses by the end of the year amounted to approximately 185 million dollars. crisis period could not help but reflect on the personnel policy of the company. Some employees had to dismiss, the wages decreased by around 15%. Only by 1988 the ninth year the work returned to normal.
It was then added to the lineup 150th units. However, as the staff of employees was reduced by 40%, the world's largest manufacturers could not use their full productive potential. Experience a period of decline given the opportunity in 1990 to formulate the 3 golden rules that support business: investment, decentralization, as well as the rejection of mass layoffs.
1997, the year the company went into history as the US giant Caterpillar has merged with the firm Perkins Engines, but by joining the German company Mak Haforen, at Caterpillar the opportunity to take a leading position in the diesel engine market.
In 1998, Caterpillar released by a giant truck, which had no analogues in the world. His tests were conducted on a special testing ground in Arizona.
A year later, the company began to supply the world market of compact construction equipment, which was presented at the international exhibition Conexpo, in response to changing customer requirements.
In the XXI century the company has continued the tradition of successful production. After the terrorist attack in 2001, the year in the US for a few hours Caterpillar dealers have joined forces and began to supply equipment to the scene of the tragedy.
The year 2003 culminated in the fact that Caterpillar is the world's first company to supply of "clean" engines running on diesel. At the same time, their full lineup was introduced only after a year.
History Caterpillar loaders
In the 1950s the company began to produce Caterpillar wheeled shovel loaders, which were equipped with hinged-frame is connected, as well as all the leading wheels of the same size. 1960 The year was marked by the release of a family of wheel loaders, which is composed of 12 models, their capacity was 60 to 405 kW, and weight - from 7.5 to 47.5 tons. This family includes six models of low power (100 kW), 4 - ranging from 100 to 200 kW and a model - a class of 200 to 300 kW, and also more than 400 kW.
During the 1960s, began to form a clear distribution of trucks into classes. Thus, these series were separated: 920, 930, 940, 950, 960, 980, 988, as well as 992. In each of them may contain several patterns that differed weight, dimensions, and, kinematics. With the help of the lettering that is assigned to some models, it became clear that the model passed the stage of modernization.
In 1970 Caterpillar wheel loaders have changed little in terms of range. Series 910 and Series 940 is removed, has been added This means that the structure has not changed the number of classes. In the 70s have been upgraded truck series 980, 988 and 992. It should be noted that the 980-series has been modernized twice: first, increased capacity from 174 to 190 kW, and weight - from 21.0 to 23.5 tons. On the second stage of the model 980V transformed into a model 980S, whose power is 199 kW, and weight - 27.6 tons. As a result of modernization, truck series 988 got a new power - 275 kW, as well as the weight of 47.5 tons. As a result, the modernization of the series 992, its power was 508 kW against the previous 405, and weight increased to 86 tons.
In 1984, the model 920 has been replaced by a model 926, whose power is 78 kW, and weight - 8.9 tons, and three years later, it modernized, increasing power to 82 kW and a weight of up to 9.5 tonnes.
The period from 1985 to 1990 was the initial stage of a series of numerous upgrades that have occurred in almost every category. Number of episodes in this period remained at the level of 8 units. With regard to the power level were used ranges from 49 to 509 kW, and in terms of weight - from 6.5 to 88.5 tons.
1990 The year was marked by the completion of the family of loading equipment most extensive and powerful machine model 994, which power was 920 kW.
The last 10 years of the twentieth century were quite dynamic in terms of Caterpillar wheel loaders. From 1990 to the year 2000 range of trucks has been added in series such as 900, 970, 990 and 994. Their total number amounted to 12 units.
In the XXI century, there is a transition to an improved range of innovative trucks. It was at this time to the digital cipher models added the designation "H". Beginning of the 2000s is characterized by two main trends: the use of engines that meet the latest international standards for environmental friendliness, as well as a significant increase in the level of comfort and ease of the equipment operators. In the second half of 2008, a number of structurally standard size wheel loaders already contained two dozen top models. It is worth noting that at this time the structure has replenished additional 993K loader model, which became the intermediary between the two largest models - 992K and 994F, as well as truck 907N, which was the most easy-to-series.
Caterpillar in the XXI century
To date, the firm Caterpillar is a world renowned manufacturer of equipment for the mining and construction industry, gas turbines, as well as engines running on diesel fuel and natural gas.
Caterpillar engines are mounted on trucks and buses worldwide. Thanks to innovative production technologies, guaranteed minimum fuel consumption, as well as specific to Caterpillar quality - reliability and extended operation.
Each of the modern models of engines for ships is a result of 75-year experience in their release. These units are manufactured in accordance with the latest technology, using high quality materials.
By using Caterpillar power units, energy is produced to supply the mines, airports, stations, towns and villages, as well as hospitals and schools.
People who are engaged in the extraction of gas and oil, prefer Caterpillar equipment. Starting from the base of the industry and has been for more white than 60 years, the production of Caterpillar power units offer a guarantee of uninterrupted production of "black gold".
Back in 1939 the first company Caterpillar generator set was released. At the same time, the company has earned the title of the world leader for the production of gas-piston, as well as diesel generator sets.
Models of gas turbines Solar Turbines occupy a special niche in the process of production, transportation and storage of oil and gas reserves. A cut of this, gas turbines generate electricity for a variety of industrial and energy supply companies.
For more than 80 years, Caterpillar company follows technological advances by introducing innovations in each of the continents. Many factories (50 in the Americas and 60 in other countries), engaged in production of more than 300 items of equipment, which is rightly recognized as a benchmark of quality and reliability.