The world automobile started with the Mercedes - the importance of this company for the automotive industry throughout the world can not be overemphasized. Extensive range, each sample is caused in its time the admiration of fans and professionals, the German manufacturer has erected on a pedestal, where more than a hundred years, it has no equal on the aesthetics, quality and practicality of the vehicle.
The company Mercedes-Benz, a division of which is now the Mercedes Trucks, was established in 1926 on the basis of 2 companies - Daimler-Motoren-Gesellschaft and Benz und Cie. Founded in the late 19th century, respectively, Gottlieb Daimler and Carl Benz, they have evolved in parallel, producing beautiful cars. Specifically Mercedes manufactured by Daimler-Motoren-Gesellschaft, and Benz und Cie made cars of the same name. Both before and after the war they produced various models, many of which were recognized as very successful, however, the merger enabled the new company Daimler-Benz to reach an entirely new level by combining all the technical and scientific power of 2 founding companies. At Daimler-Benz worked such great designers and engineers Ferdinand Porsche and Franz Niebel.
For heavy functional cars, the first truck was built in 1923 by Karl Benz, and further this trend was the most extensive development, since such powerful machines were in great demand in the economic activity and military purposes. Even during the Second World War did not stop production, but in 1944 as a result of persistent bombing virtually all businesses and shops were destroyed - tsehgruzovikov in Gaggenau razed to the ground (as well as other factories belonging to the Group).
Only 2 years later, the new car production began in 1946. It was the beginning of the triumphant march of the corporation on the planet: Now Mercedes-Benz - the 11th largest brand in the world, whose passenger cars, Mercedes trucks, buses and vans are always in demand on all continents. At the end of the 20th century Mercedes Trucks - the largest manufacturer of freight cars and trucks Mercedes since 1984 repeatedly became winners on the version of «Truck of the year». In 2012, for example, the first place went to Mercedes-Benz Actros IV - already the fourth generation of the glorious tractor, known for its power and excellent performance. He's a few years ago was named "Car of the decade". Mercedes Trucks owned mills and factories not only in Germany but also in other countries where manufactured parts MercedesTrucks all types - Mercedes axle, electric motors, and other body. annually descends over 400,000 trucks with concern pipelines.
It has exceptional stability and developed a speed of 90 km / h. Two years later, this original design replaced the classic 2-axis machines LP334, able to work as part of road trains full weight 32 tons. In total, Truck Mercedes 333 series produced 1833 copies. Produced in Gaggenau 5-ton army truck LG315 (4x4), for the first time equipped with flex-fuel option, 8.3-liter 145-horsepower engine. The greatest success was accompanied by a series of L311 / L312 and its successors, which was built 175 thousand. Pieces. Heavy vehicles L315 / L325 produced about 50 thousand. Copies. In the 50-ies. have become very popular light trucks on the chassis serial cars Mercedes-Benz 350-500 kg for transportation of small loads. The greatest success accompanied pickups and vans based on passenger series 170D and 170DS, equipped with a 1.7-liter diesel engine 40 hp In 1955 Daimler-Benz joined the struggle in the market of light trucks full weight up to 3.5 tons. The founder of the new family became compact 1.75-ton cabover van L319D with a monocoque body, its different appearance with elliptical headlamps and the front wheels to move forward . Ship options and chassis cab supplied spar frame. Their OM636 diesel engine (1767 cm3, 43 hp) was borrowed from passenger Series 180D, and the principle of the whole installation of the power unit and on the optional front axle subframe has already been used on cars. Since 1957 model L319 installed 1.9-liter carburetor engine 65 hp from new passenger Series 190. All machines were equipped with a synchronized range of 319 4-speed, hypoid final drive, a beam axle on leaf springs, hydraulic brakes and rack and pinion steering. S1961, their power increased to 50 and 68 hp respectively, providing a maximum speed of 95 km / h. In a diesel version of the fuel consumption is only 8.5 liters per 100 kilometers. The demand for inexpensive, maneuverable and economical car was so high that in 1958, its serial production was maximized at the former factory of the company Auto Union in Dusseldorf. Until 1967 they produced 107 thousand. Copies. In the early 60-ies. Mercedes truck program consisted of three dozen 2- and 3-axle vehicles with load capacity from 1.75 to 15 tons with engines 45-200 hp is seven basic families and recognized as one of the most advanced in the world. Trucks Mercedes -Bents exported to almost 100 countries around the world. Assembly branches were opened in Spain, Brazil, Argentina and Australia, licensed production in India beginning company Tata. Another twist in the history of Daimler-Benz took place in 1963, when the introduction of the unified family of different classes performed by a modular method, and has a more attractive appearance in a single corporate identity. Kalotnye models received a massive alligator trim, cabover - rounded cab over engine several dimensions. The main structural innovation was the transition to diesel engines with direct fuel injection. Major changes in the program resulted in a change in the indexation of the models used so far: the first one or two digits indicate the rounded gross vehicle weight in tonnes, subsequent figures - on the engine power in dozens of horsepower. Since 1964, the gap between cars and light middle classes began to fill welterweight cabover gamma. At first, it was represented LP911 truck cab with short and nearly flat front panel. After a few years, this series includes several models from LP608 LP913 full weight to 6 ~ 9 m with 4- and 6-cylinder diesel engine (85-130 hp) and a 5-sgupenchatymi transmissions. Before 1984, they produced over 300 thousand. Pieces. Since 1963, new medium and heavy range 9-26 tonnes GVW consisted of numerous bonnet, cabover and performances of all-wheel drive chassis LA911 (4x4) and 3-axle 11-ton dump truck LAK2624 (6x4). The first diesel engine with direct injection OM352 (5675 sm3,130 hp) appeared in 1967 on a series of L / LP1113B and then used in many other versions. In 1968, it added to the 8.2-liter engine in the 170-190 hp for a range of 1017/1919. The average range of 1619/2220 was equipped with the same 10.8-liter diesel engine capacity of 192 ~ 218 hp, while the heavy range for 1921/2624 was developed 6-cylinder diesel engine OM355 (11580 cm3 210-240 hp). The development of the famous series of 333 steel tractors LPS2020 / 2024 (6x2) with two front steering axle for operation in trucks of 38 tonnes GVW. In 1964, the production of these trucks turned around at the new plant in Vёrte. Enterprise in-game Mann produce buses and engines manufactured in Gaggenau Unimog ATVs, gearboxes and axles. In 1969 he was made a record number - 83196 In 1970, the production volume of the Group Daimler-Benz, marked the release of the one millionth truck exceeded the 100,000th milestone. This allowed since the early 70s. undertake regular upgrades of all the series and the introduction of brand new models. Work began with the formation of a new range of light. She was preceded cooperation with Hanomag, owned by Vidal , produces light trucks Tempo . In late 1968, Daimler-Benz bought out the 51% stake in the newly formed group of Hanomag-Henschel and has at its disposal an extensive and diverse range of trucks. Since 1970, at the former factory in Hamburg Vidal began production of front-wheel vans and pickups L206D and G06D, is a former Tempo trucks converted to a more advanced series of Hanomag F20 / F30 and equipped with a 2-liter diesel Mercedes -Benz capacity of 55-60 liters. s., 4-sgupenchatoy gearbox and all wheel independent suspension. The basis of the second light gamut GVW 3,4-6,3 tons of steel trucks Hanomag F40 / 46. They have transformed the lineup from L406D L608D up with different motors in the 60-85 hp, hydraulic brakes with vacuum booster and improved cabin from Tano Maga, surviving until 1995. In 1977-78. upgraded first light family received index TN and more modern trim. Soon the whole gamut of light trucks Mercedes divided into two series: the first model came from T1 to L207D L308, and included a series of T2 model L407D / L613D. Trucks middle class (model 709/1619) appropriated index LP. They completed the new 4- and 6-cylinder engine with 85 ~ 192 hp, including the turbocharged variants. Expansion of the heavy range also occurs using ready development of other firms. Back in 1968, Daimler-Benz acquired firm Krupp factory in Essen. A year later, bought a controlling stake in the group Rheinstahl-Henschel, he added to his range sufficiently sophisticated truck company Henschel of Kassel. All these transformations are allowed in 1973 immediately raise output to 156.8 thousand. Trucks. At the same time, by combining branch Maybach-Mercedes-Benz Motorenbau to the same branch of the firm MAN, there was the country's largest company producing powerful powertrains - Motor-Turbine Union or MTU (MTU). As a result of cooperation with the firm MAN in low noise and economical V-shaped diesels in 1970 ~ 72's. was presented two families of heavy trucks and haul tractors 1626/2226 and 1632/2232, equipped with engines OM 402 V8 (12760 cm3, 256 hp) and OM403 V10 (15953 cm3, 320 hp). The base four-wheel dump truck LARK 1632 (4x4) and LAPK2632 (6x6) with capacity of 7 and 14 m with a 6-speed gearbox ZF (ZF) and 2-circuit air brake system were former chassis cabs Henschel.
In the 80-ies. program of Daimler-Benz light headed gamma T1, consisting of vans 207D / 410D (72-95 hp) of the second generation with capacity 7,0-11,4 m3. Gamma 12 includes a series of 408/814 with cleaner engines in the 72 ~ 115 hp Since 1990, its assembly plant established at the former Daimler-Benz in the People-vigsfelde, returned to him after the unification of West Germany and East Germany. Since 1984 he has produced new high gamma LN2 (model 709/1320) with engines capacity of 95 ~ 211 hp and simplified hinged cabin. For the first time these fuel-efficient vehicles received the title of Truck 1985. Heavy NG family is offered in two versions of MK and SK for normal and heavy-duty. It consisted of models from 1417 to 2244, received the inline or V-type diesel engines of 170-435 hp with three turbochargers and cockpit dimensions. In 1989, the capacity of the base 14.6-liter V8 diesel engine OM442 brought up to 492 hp and installed on the most powerful at that time in Europe tractor SK1748LS, won the title in 1990 Truck. At the plant in Vёrte going heavy 3- and 4-axle chassis 2435/3535 full weight up to 40 tons. The special tractors 2653LZ (6x4 / 6x6) and 3850S (8x4) for trucks with full weight up to 410 tons of diesel used in OM424A V12 500 525 hp In single copies was made 5-axle dump truck 5035 (10x4). Heavy machine equipped with a number of boxes 6-16 gears and electro-pneumatic control system, ABS and traction device ASR. The decade ended with the renaming of the automotive branch of Daimler-Benz group in the Mercedes-Benz. The first half of the 90s. was marked by the struggle for the reduction of emissions and preparing fundamentally new Mercedes trucks. Models of light series T2 (609/814) and a new secondary gamma LK (711/1517), to get a clean diesel engine 105-170 hp, were called Ecovan and Ecoliner respectively. Heavy Series MK and SK (model 1417/3553) issued in 55 basic version (4x2 / 8x8 with motors 165-530 hp, with six types of cabins. From 1992 on, the semitrailer tractors SK1844 / 1944LS sets more roomy and comfortable cabin Eurocab with an internal height of 2110 mm. Since the mid-90s. Mercedes-Benz launched a complete replacement of all its European program. In early 1996, replaced the MV100 series came peredneprivodnaya gamma truck Vito. GVW of 2.6 tonnes (Model 108D / 114) with a transverse-mounted engine in the 79-143 hp In January 1995 at the Brussels Motor Show presented commercials machine Sprinter (Sprinter) new lightweight range of TIN, awarded the title of Van of the Year. By 2001, it consisted of several dozen variants of the 208D to 616CDJ (79-156 hp) with a capacity of bodies 7,0-13,4 m3. T2 series in 1997 changed the gamma Vario full weight up to 7.5 tons (Model 512D / 815D) with low toxicity in the 115-136 hp diesel engines, disc brakes and ABS. Rank Truck 1997 received a new heavy truck range Mercedes Actros SKN or (Actros), consisting of the goals of 1831/4157 with a V6 engine and V8 (313-571 hp) with electronically controlled air suspension, disc brakes, ABS and ASR , three kinds of booths with an internal height of 1960 mm. In 1999 he received the title of Truck of the Year Vehicles Atego new medium scale (model 712/2628), with the motors in the 122-280 hp 14 dimensions and wheelbase. In 1998, the plant began production of HAB low-frame chassis Econic with 4-bedded cabin, diesel or gas engines, automatic transmissions and air suspension with electronic control. At the end of the XX century the company Mercedes-Benz remains the world's largest manufacturer of commercial vehicles. It owns 14 factories in Germany and 25 companies overseas. Annual production exceeds 420 thousand. Car. May 7, 1998, Daimler-Benz has strengthened its position by uniting with the American corporation Chrysler and creating a new transnational group DaimlerChrysler. V1999, he produced 287.4 thousand. GVW of over 6 tons (19.0% of world production). In 2000, Daimler-Chrysler bought out the shares of the Japanese company Mitsubishi and South Korea's Hyundai, the US became the owner of the firm Sterling and American LaFrance, Canada acquired the Western Star In mid-2000, its staff reached 474.8 thousand. People, and total revenues of 41.7 million. Dollars.