A well-known German company, founded in 1899, produced bicycles, motorcycles, cars and trucks. Since 1928, its factories have become the property of the American corporation "General Motors". Except for Germany, "Opel" cars are produced in Belgium, Spain, Poland, Portugal.
In 1934, the cars of the German branch, like all other creations of General Motors, switched to an independent front suspension.
In 1936, at the Berlin Motor Show, a car was shown Olympia - this is the first production car with a whole-body bearing body. The market of inexpensive cars was replenished with model Р-4, executed in style of 20-ies. The engine of this car was reliable and thought over to trifles, which allowed to install it on the next model - Opel Kadett (1936). Before the war, about 107,000 Kadett cars came off the assembly line.
In the 30's Opel released new six-cylinder models: Opel Super (1937) and Opel Kapitan (1939). The pre-war model of the highest class was named Opel Admiral. From 1941 to 1945 the company produced weapons and military equipment for the needs of the Wehrmacht.
In 1951, the Olympia model was changed. She had a new large radiator grille with horizontal ribs, a huge bumper and gear lever shifted to the steering column.
In 1953, the volume of production for the first time exceeded the pre-war level. Presented in the same year at the Frankfurt Motor Show model Opel Olympia Rekord P-1. And later in the 60's appeared the model Rekord P-2.
Following the model Kadett A in 1965 followed Kadett B with 2- and 4-door bodies. Increased not only the dimensions of the car, but also its power (from 45 to 90 hp)
In 1965-1967 the model Diplomat V8 appeared. This model with the engine Chevrolet V8, volume 5.4 liters, capacity of 230 hp, was assembled by Karman.
In the 70s, General Motors conducted a course on the "internationalization" of models of its European offices Adam Opel AG and Vauxhall Motors. Since then, cars have differed only in the location of the steering wheel and the decoration.
In the mid-1980s, Opel was one of the most sold cars in Europe. In these years, the light saw such cars: Corsa A, Ascona With Cabrio and others, as well as most of the lineup has undergone changes and improvements.
In 1990, a masterpiece appeared - Opel Salibra.
In 1993, in a record short time, the company developed the second generation of the smallest in its class model Corsa B. Novelty was the direct heir of such a popular model in 1983. The model had a 3- and 5-door body. A small batch is also available for the modification Canvas Top, which means "canvas top". At the same time, the buyer was offered a second generation of Omega V.
In 1999, Opel (including Vauxhall) dropped to the 4th place among the Western European car manufacturers, having collected almost the same number of cars as in the previous year (1,739.9 thousand units against 1,742,400 in 1998) . Nevertheless, with the advent of the new generation of the Corsa model in the market and the consistently high demand for the Astra family, there are hopes for improvement.
In 2000, the Opel lineup changed. Sales of imported models Zintra and Monterey are stopped. There was a new family of models Corsa and the first representative of Opel in the European size class A compact minivan Agila. In 2000, two new 6-cylinder engines appeared and the capacity of some previous units was increased. Gasoline engines with a working volume of 1,2; 1.6 and 1.8 liters with a capacity of 65, 75 and 115 hp. added 10 hp. and began to develop respectively 75, 85 and 125 hp. Models Zafira received a more powerful 2.0-liter diesel in 100 hp. and a 2.2-liter engine in 147 hp. The Vectra family was replenished with a 2.2-liter diesel in 125 hp, a 2.2-liter petrol 147-hp unit and a new 2.6-liter V6 engine with 180 hp. (previously 2.5 liters and 170 hp). Omega models received three new engines: a 2.2-liter diesel in 120 hp, a 2.6-liter V6 engine in 180 hp. and a new 2.5-liter inline diesel from BMW with direct fuel injection of 155 hp. (against 130 hp earlier). Due to the lack of new technical parameters for the updated models, the Tables of Technical Specifications show their data as of the end of 2000.
On the main European market, Opel products (Vauxhall - in Ireland and the UK) enjoy relatively stable and stable demand. A slight drop in sales by 3.5% (to 1,320 thousand cars), which was noted in 2006 in Europe, is compensated by the growth in demand in other countries, including, for example, Russia. Therefore, the total sales of cars of this brand remain virtually unchanged - about 1,620 thousand units. in 2006. During the first six months of 2007, they even slightly increased (by 0.8%) and reached 863,300 units.
In 2007, the offer of Opel models for the European buyer did not change significantly. The sale of new Corsa and Antara started, a small upgrade of the Astra model was made, including a modification with a sedan body.